Doctors Education And Career Information

In India we have a special respect, love and affection towards doctors. The rich culture and heritage may be one reason, why a doctor enjoys a special attention and respect in the society, irrespective of the specialty or the number of degrees to his credit, but being a doctor isn’t that easy, years of rigorous education and then practice take all the juice out of life.

Unlike other western countries, a doctor in India is too engaged with his patients, In the good olden days, people also choose this profession as a service to the society and dedicated their lives.

The medical education in India is quite different from the west, If one wishes to become a doctor in India, after the senior secondary examinations, one has to appear for the entrance examinations that opens up the gates of a medical college, where one undergoes MBBS degree course that is of five and a half year duration, along with one year compulsory residency. Once the individual completes his/her program, they can start practicing as doctor, they can work as duty doctors or resident doctor. Further one can appear for MD/MS program, which is a higher postgraduate degree in the respective specialty.

MD in Medicine
MD is awarded to those medical graduates who are holding the MBBS degree, and after three years of study and passing an examination, which includes both theory and practical, in a pre-clinical or clinical subject of a non-surgical nature. The original research element is not as prominent here, as this is primarily a clinical qualification resembling the professional doctorates of the USA.

MS in Surgery
Similarly in surgery, orthopedics and gynecology the equivalent degree is Master of Surgery (MS). DNB (Diplomate of the National Board) qualification is considered equivalent to the MD and MS qualifications, the difference in both the qualifications is that MD/MS is awarded by the Medical council whereas DNB is from the Diplomate of national board. That can be obtained by passing an exam conducted by national board of examinations after completing 3 years post MBBS training in hospitals recognized by the board.

DM in Medicine and MCh in Surgery
One can go for further specialization in medical or surgical fields, after the first postgraduate degree, which is either MD/MS or DNB. This requires three years of hard rigorous training and study and then passing an examination, both theory and practical, and the degree awarded is DM (Doctorate in Medicine, supers specialty doctor) eg DM in Cardiology, Neurology, Nephrology, Gastro-enterology etc. For surgical sub specialties the degree awarded is MCh, eg MCh (Cardiac Surgery), MCh (Neurosurgery) etc. The DM or MCh degrees are considered equivalent to the Fellowship training offered in the US and are considered as post-doctoral degrees in India, similar to the PhD in India. Once a doctor gains a specialized degree, He /She would further practice in a super specialty hospital.

DNB- Diplomate of National Board
The Diplomate of National board or DNB is the title provided by the National Board of Examinations. It is usually noted as DNB after the name of the individual who has been conferred it. The National Board of examinations is governed by the educational arm of the Health ministry of India. DNB degree was introduced by the Health Ministry in 1975 to provide bench mark standards for higher education in India and to meet global standards.

There are also several diploma and other short-term CME programs for doctor, programs that help them in skills development and knowledge up gradation to new international norms and guidelines.

Considering the population of India, the doctor patient ratio difference is much higher, though India is country where the maximum number of medical students graduate every year, brain drain is one of the major reasons why we have such huge difference in the doctor patient ratio. Doctors migrate to other developed in pursuance of better opportunities.

Slowly but steadily, India too is catching up to the international level and with emergence of many corporate hospital would help retain those highly qualified specialist doctor with in India.

Article written by Ranjan Abraham an employee of HarNeedi, a job portal for healthcare and pharma domains. One could find a huge list of Doctor job openings in India by registering into HarNeedi.

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Education and the Modern Photographer

People say I’m lucky – and yes I do agree. I get to travel world, work with a wonderful team and make my living from my passion. But when it comes down to the quality of the images I produce, that has nothing to do with luck. Over the years I have noticed a correlation between knowledge and image quality. The more I have educated myself, the ‘luckier’ I’ve become.

As I am not just the ‘biggest’, but also one of the ‘oldest’ dogs in the yard I have seen the equipment that is available to us as photographers change dramatically over the years. Film has made way for digital, and mega-pixels are no longer limited to single figures. All of the developments that have been made have no doubt made our jobs easier – particularly when it comes to transporting kit for jobs on location. Just recently I was sat in the departure lounge at Bergen airport (for those of you that haven’t been let me tell you it is without doubt the smallest international departure lounge I have ever sat in) thinking to myself that if it wasn’t for micro 4/3 technology, I would be a very unpopular man indeed as the people that I was sharing the space with would be stood outside in the cold due to the fact that my old full frame kit would have filled most of the room. The advances in photographic technology that have allowed for smaller, lighter kit that gives immediate feedback are – let’s face it – a god send, and will no doubt allow me to keep doing what I love for a few more years. The kit that is available today really is fantastic. It works well, and produces image files of a quality that was unimaginable even five years ago. But as good as all of this new equipment is, it couldn’t create anything if it wasn’t for me – or indeed one of you – controlling it. Yes, technology does have its advantages, but for a real grandmaster, technology is only there to augment, facilitate and ease the photographic process. Technology will never render photographers obsolete, it will never replace education and the application of knowledge when it comes to creating ‘grade A’ images.

As an old school traditionalist I am a firm believer in knowledge – not kit – being the secret to good photography. A stunning image is not just created by pressing click on a camera. To cross that fine line that separates good and brilliant, a photographer has to take several things in to consideration. Lighting, posing and composition. What story do you want an image to tell? how do you want the image to look? how do you want the image to feel?

Lighting an image in the correct way is key. Without the placement of hi-light and shadow in the correct places, a three dimensional story cannot be told through a two dimensional medium. It is highlight and shadow that gives an image depth and makes the subject feel real. Light is definitely the most important aspect of photography. It is no secret that ever since using the Olympus EM5 OM-D and adopting a micro 4/3 system I am on a mission to reduce the size of all of the kit I use, but I can guarantee you that this reduction in size will not come at the cost of sacrificing quality – especially not when it comes to lighting equipment. As much as I love and am amazed by the capabilities of my OM-D it is not the most important bit of kit in my bag, my lights and their modifiers however most definitely are. Whether they be speed lights or a full studio lighting kit, they are massively important. Without them I could not use the secret weapon that is fully responsible for the quality and consistence of my images. What is this secret weapon? Well I will tell you… It is the knowledge of how to control and manipulate light. How can you get this secret weapon for yourself? In the same way that I did, through education and years of practice. Practice makes perfect, it really is that simple.

The point I am trying to make, is that it is most definitely not about the kit. Having the gear doesn’t mean you automatically have all of the idea. Knowledge is the secret to being the best photographer that you can be. The camera may take the image, but it is the photographer that creates it. Owning a camera does not make you a photographer, it simply makes you a camera owner.

A photographer is born through years of continual training to obtain the technical knowledge needed to create a top quality image and countless hours of practice to fine tune their creative abilities. If I was to give you one ‘top tip’ it would be to take your time. Learn as much as you can and practice what you have learnt at every opportunity. Take your time whilst shooting an image and pay close attention to the fine details. Only press the shutter button when you have created the image you want to capture. Do not rely on Photoshop to rescue an image, it is a tool to be used for enhancement.

Now, it’s all very well and good me telling you that the secret to photographic success is knowledge, and that it takes several years of hard work to obtain the knowledge that you will need, but the world is a very real place indeed and sometimes a ‘quick fix’ is needed. Now unfortunately a quick fix isn’t such a quick fix when it comes to photography. There are however ‘fast lanes’ that can help you to develop your level of understanding at a faster rate. If I had to start from the beginning I would most definitely be factoring in education costs in to my plans. Now is a brilliant time to start making a successful career in the profession, partly due to the number of training opportunities available to new photographers. My hat goes off to the SWPP for the work that they put in to organising seminars and training days to help photographers develop. I would strongly encourage those who are new to the profession to listen to the knowledge that the old guard are sharing; after all, we’ve been there, done the job and bought the T-shirt. Learn as much as you can from the best that you can, as my grandma would say, you’re only ever as good as your teacher, so choose wisely and listen carefully.



To see more of my work head to my website or read my Blog at

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Physical Therapist Requirements For Degree, Licensure and Jobs

Physical therapist requirements include a Master’s or Doctoral degree in physical therapy from an accredited program. In 2007, there were 209 different accredited programs, including 43 Master’s degree programs and 166 Doctoral programs. It is expected that eventually a Doctoral degree will be one of the entry level physical therapy requirements. These programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education typically last two to three years depending on the whether the program is a Master’s degree or a Doctoral degree.

Accredited programs in physical therapy are located in most states, including Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

The degree in physical therapy typically involve classes in biology, biomechanics, chemistry, examination techniques, human growth and development, manifestations of disease, neuroanatomy, physics, and therapeutic procedures, as well as clinical practice.

Once you have completed your degree, physical therapist requirements include passing both national and state licensure exams and then doing the appropriate amount of continuing education in order to keep your licensure current. The physical therapist requirements for continuing education vary by state.

Just earning a degree and completing the other requirements for licensure will not make you a great physical therapist though. There are some physical therapist requirements in terms of character and people skills. You need to be able to work well with people, you need to be good at explaining things and teaching people how to do things since you will have to be teaching them what they need to do at home in order to further their treatment, and what they need to do during their sessions. Family members also need to know what is required for the care of their loved ones.

Once you have completed the physical therapy education and licensure requirements you can look forward to very good job prospects since there is a lot of growth in this field. The pay is also good, with the median earnings of a physical therapist per year being $69,760. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in the field of physical therapy is expected to grow much faster than average as well. Louis Zhang, Certphysicaltherapist dot com

For more information about physical therapist requirements and accredited physical therapist degree programs go to Certphysicaltherapist dot com

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Information About Esthetician Careers and Jobs

If you want to get a vocation that you like, the best way is to find a career that really interests you and that you are fervent about. So what exactly is an esthetician and what type of jobs are obtainable? Let’s begin!

Estheticians are all about the maintenance of healthful and radiant skin. Esthetician positions require proscribed education yet provide marvelous career prospects for individuals who complete the state licensed coursework. Job opportunities can easily be identified wherever healthy lifestyles and skin are promoted, such as spas, health clubs, vacation resorts, on cruise ships and in hospitals or medical offices, such as cosmetic surgeons and dermatology offices.

Aesthetics is the career field of delivering skin care. You will inform your customers about which items are ideal for maintaining their healthy skin in peak condition. Providing your clients skin analysis as well as body and face therapies, like treatments for the eyebrows, facial and body hair removal, helping with application of makeup and distinct guidance about skin ailments.

Education coursework is state-required prior to finding employment. A lot of the education can be given by cosmetology schools and takes from one to two years, even though a number of states demand supplemental coursework from specialty esthetics schools. Estheticians are different from cosmetologists in that their focus is on skin care and treatment. Cosmetologists do haircuts, facials and nails. There is some cost needed in getting the training you will need, even though a lot of federal and state programs are available to reduce or completely defray your schooling expenditures. As with any occupation, you should absolutely make sure that you have an interest in the area that you are learning (and having to pay) to join.

Where must you begin? Pay a visit to spas in your city and ask questions about what kind of job opportunities they have got and what schooling and training you will have to have to be prepared for employment there. Individuals currently employed in the profession that you are considering on joining are your best resource for details. Just what does their job require? Do they enjoy it? Can they propose a good school to get the needed instruction? You ought to also take a look at a community esthetics or cosmetology school and inquire what kind of courses are expected and how much time the coursework will take before you are suitable for employment. Ask about the expenses involved and whether or not school grants are offered. What sort of job placement assistance does the school offer and what type of careers do many graduates locate?

How much money can you make as an esthetician? Well, esthetics careers can be found in many areas and the money you can generate depends on your education and learning and expertise along with whether your boss focuses on low-end or high-end customers. Working at a plastic surgeons office will most likely pay more than working at a modest neighborhood spa. But regardless of where you work, you will find entry level work and then obtain experience and knowledge that will make it possible for you to climb the career ladder. In all likelihood, your first handful of years of work as an esthetician will be spent attaining a dependable and devoted clientele and if you possess the will power to persevere until you achieve this clientele, then you have got what it takes to attain your ambitions.

Visit the most complete resource for esthetician jobs [] and career information.

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What Your Business Get From Ongoing Education and Training

Running a business requires hard work, and part of that includes ongoing education and training, not only for managers and executives, but also for staff members.

Today, not many people realize the value of trainings and seminars within organizations. In fact, many see them as an unnecessary expense and a complete waste of time. What they don’t know is that continuous business education is encouraged for all kinds of industries. To understand the importance of these trainings and workshops, read on.

1. Teach people how to teach others. When a person learns how to make $5000 in a month, for example, he or she will have the capacity to share the newly acquired knowledge to others. This becomes infectious as more and more people will have the ability to help others succeed in their own way.

2. Make people become important assets to their company. When staff members experts in their respective jobs, they can be assets to their team and to the company. They know the ins and outs of their jobs, thus they become valuable members whose opinions and skills contribute to the organization’s success.

3. Develop new talents and hone old skills. When employees and managers undergo skill-specific and developmental trainings, they learn new things as well as sharpen existing knowledge. As a result, they become better at their jobs. They are more efficient, more knowledgeable. This makes them effective and more productive. For new business owners, business education can make them effective social entrepreneurs.

4. Give people an advantage. Learning new things and honing one’s skills makes leaders and employees a chance to step up their game. They become more confident in everything they do. Thus, they are always one step ahead of their competitions.

5. Allow people to chase after their dreams. Education teaches us a lot of things and one of them is to be a free range human. What does this mean? When you’re able to run a business, earn substantial amounts each month and be able to frolic around the world, that’s what being a free range human mean. Simply put, you’re able to remotely oversee your business yet do the things you’ve always wanted to do. So if you’ve always dreamed of travelling around the globe, you can do so now. You can spend every fortnight in a different country if you so wish to without jeopardizing operations. With this kind of lifestyle, surely, running a business would never be the same again.

With the help of the right education and training, you can now live the life you’ve always wanted – free to do whatever you wish to and earn as much as you want to. Be a free range human today!

Martina Kivi is a former trainer for entrepreneurial and business education which hosted hundreds of seminars and all activities in line with her knowledge and skills. You can get more tips from here and become a piece of inspiration to new generations of businessmen.

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